Insight Eyecare

Insight Eye Care on Facebook


Mailing address:
Insight Eye Care
9435 West Russell Road
Suite 100
Las Vegas, NV 89148

Phone: (702) 207-2222
Fax: (888) 859-4959

Office Hours:
Monday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

Tuesday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

Wednesday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

Thursday 10:00 am - 7:00 pm

Friday 8:00 am - 5:00 pm

Sat, Sun - Closed


Acuvue

Insight Eyecare Services
Glossary


Choose a Topic



A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - Z

 

A

 

Accommodation

The eye's ability to adjust its focus from distant to near objects. This process is achieved by the lens changing its shape.

Go to Top

 

Acuity

The clearness of eyesight; the keenness of the visual powers. AKA: Visual Acuity.

Go to Top

 

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD, AMD or ARM)

A major cause of central vision loss which, in about 70% of the cases, is associated with aging and the breakdown of the retinal structures at the macula.

Go to Top

 

Albinism

Congenital deficiency or absence of pigment (color) in the skin, hair, choroid, retina and iris.

Go to Top

 

Amaurosis

Blindness.

Go to Top

 

Amblyopia

Sometimes referred to as lazy eye, a condition of diminished visual acuity in the absence of any detectable anatomic or physiologic cause.

Go to Top

 

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Z87.1

The American National Standards Institute's Practice for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection; eyewear that meets this standard is considered safer than eyewear that does not.

Go to Top

 

Ametropia

Defective vision that is correctable by eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery.

Go to Top

 

Aniseikonia

A condition in which the image sizes in each eye are different, leading to difficulties in achieving single vision. Symptoms of aniseikonia are headaches and dizziness.

Go to Top

 

Anisocoria

Different-sized pupils in each eye. This may be physiological (naturally occurring) or may be a sign of a more serious disorder.

Go to Top

 

Anisometropia

Greek meaning "not the same correction," anisometropia is when there is a significant difference in correction between the two eyes. This may cause eye strain and double vision (diplopia).

Go to Top

 

Anterior Chamber

The space in front of the iris and behind the cornea.

Go to Top

 

Antimetropia

One eye nearsighted; the other farsighted.

Go to Top

 

Anti-Reflective Coating

Anti-reflective treatments reduce glare and enhance your appearance by removing distracting reflections. An anti-reflecive treatment helps reduce strain often caused by lights at night, fluorescent lighting, and computer screens.

Go to Top

 

Aphakic

Condition of the eye with crystalline lens removed without anything being put in its place. Modern cataract surgery removes the lens, but an intraocular lens is often put in its place.

Go to Top

 

Aqueous Humor

Also known as aqueous fluid. A clear, watery fluid that flows around and nourishes the lens, retina, and the cornea.

Go to Top

 

Arteriosclerosis

A chronic disease of the arteries characterized by the thickening or hardening of the arterial walls impairing blood circulation.

Go to Top

 

Asthenopia

A group of symptoms generally referred to as "eye-strain." Included are: headaches, tearing, "tired eyes," itching, burning and blurred vision.

Go to Top

 

Astigmatism

A condition that occurs when the front surface of the eye (the cornea) is slightly irregular in shape. This irregular shape prevents light from focusing properly on the back of the eye (the retina). As a result, vision may be blurred at all distances. Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or refrative surgery.

Go to Top

 

B

 

Bifocal Lens

Lens with two focal lengths, one for distance and one for near. Usually the distance correction is on top and the correction for near is on the bottom.

Go to Top

 

Blended Lens

While traditional multifocal lenses have a line in the middle of the lens, blended lenses (progressive lenses) are line-free. The power gradually changes from distance correction to intermediate vision (at arm's length), to near vision (at reading distance), moving invisibly from the top to the bottom of the lens.

Go to Top

 

Blind Spot

(1) A small area of the retina where the optic nerve enters the eye; occurs normally in all eyes. (2) Any gap in the visual field corresponding to an area of the retina where no visual cells are present.

Go to Top

 

C

 

Cataract

A cataract is a clouding of part or all of the lens inside the eye, resulting in blurred or distorted vision.

Go to Top

 

Cataract Lens

Lens used following cataract removal. Cataract lenses were once widely used for post-cataract patients; however, IOL (interocular) lenses are now the most commonly used replacement for the removal of crystalline lens, eliminating the necessity for cataract lenses.

Go to Top

 

Choroid

The layer in the eye filled with blood vessels that nourishes the retina.

Go to Top

 

Chromatic

Of or pertaining to color.

Go to Top

 

Ciliary Muscle

The eye's focusing muscle that allows the crystalline lens to perform its function of accommodation.

Go to Top

 

Clear Lens Extraction (CLE)

A procedure where the lens is removed to correct myopia.

Go to Top

 

Coloboma

A defect of the iris or retina caused by a failure of the eyeball to fuse properly during fetal development. These are developmental anomalies and do not worsen as the child grows older.

Go to Top

 

Color Blindness

More appropriately known as color deficiency, it refers to the inability to recognize certain colors. The most common deficiency is red-green deficiency. Blue-yellow color deficiency also exists, but is more rare. True color blindness is quite rare and is usually accompanied by poor visual acuity and extreme light sensitivity.

Go to Top

 

Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)

The variety of eye and vision-related problems associated with prolonged computer use. CVS is characterized by eyestrain, blurred vision, headaches and dry or irritated eyes.

Go to Top

 

Conjunctiva

The thin, moist tissue that lines the inner surfaces of the eyelids and the outer surface of the sclera.

Go to Top

 

Conjunctivitis

Inflammation of the conjunctiva, often referred to as "pink eye." There may be several causes of conjunctivitis, including bacterial or viral infection, allergies, or other etiology.

Go to Top

 

Contact Lens Drops

Eye drops for contact lens wearers; regular eye drops can discolor contact lenses.

Go to Top

 

Contrast Sensitivity

The ability to perceive differences between an object and its background.

Go to Top

 

Convergence

Simultaneous turning in of both eyes to keep objects in sight as they approach the eyes.

Go to Top

 

Cornea

Serving to transmit light to the eye, the cornea is a transparent tissue that covers the front surface of the eye.

Go to Top

 

Corneal Abrasion

A cut or scratch on the cornea.

Go to Top

 

Corneal Implants

Devices (such as rings or contacts) placed in the cornea, usually to correct vision.

Go to Top

 

Corneal Refractive Therapy (CRT)

A process of reshaping the cornea using specially designed gas permeable contact lenses. The patient wears the lenses through the night to shape the cornea, then goes throughout the day without the need for a prescription.

Go to Top

 

Corneal Ring

A type of vision correction surgery where a doctor inserts tiny plastic rings into the cornea, reshaping it to better focus light onto the retina to improve vision. The rings can be adjusted and even removed if desired.

Go to Top

 

Corneal Topography

Mapping or examination of the cornea. The information gathered is useful to evaluate and correct many eye conditions.

Go to Top

 

Corneal Ulcer

A wound in the outer layer of the cornea caused by injury, excessive dryness, or infection.

Go to Top

 

Crystalline Lens

The crystalline lens is located directly behind the iris. It helps focus light on the retina as your focus changes from distance to near.

Go to Top

 

D

 

Dacryostenosis

A blocked tear duct, which is characterized by a lot of tearing.

Go to Top

 

Daily Wear Contact Lens

Soft contact lenses worn every day for six months up to a couple of years, requiring daily cleaning and disinfecting, as well as a periodic enzymatic soak (usually once a week).

Go to Top

 

Depth Perception

The ability to judge the distance and/or spatial relationship of objects of varying distances.

Go to Top

 

Diabetes

A chronic, metabolic disorder where a lack of insulin secretion and /or increased cellular resistance to insulin results in elevated blood levels of glucose. Visual complications due to diabetes can include the early formation of cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, fluctuating vision, and changes in prescription. Other complications may include damage to the kidneys, liver, nervous system and vascular system.

Go to Top

 

Diabetic Retinopathy

A complication of diabetes that is triggered by damage to the blood vessels of the eye. Early diabetic retinopathy may not be noticable by the patient, but if left untreated may cause permanent vision loss. People with diabetes should have an annual dilated eye examination.

Go to Top

 

Dilate

A process by which the pupil is temporarily enlarged with special eye drops. This allows an eye doctor to see more of the retina and look for signs of diabetic retinopathy and other eye diseases or health concerns. After the exam, close-up vision may remain blurred for several hours and you may be more sensitive to light. A dilated exam is the standard of care.

Go to Top

 

Diopter

A diopter is a unit of measure for expressing the power of a lens or lens system. A one diopter lens has a focal distance of one meter. A two diopter lens has a focal distance of 50 centimeters.

Go to Top

 

Diplopia

Double vision. It may be caused by a number of conditions including: eye misalignment, dry eyes, astigmatism, cataracts, neurological disorder, stroke, or other cause.

Go to Top

 

Disposable Contact Lens

Contact lenses that are thrown away after a short period of time. Usage of disposable contact lenses ranges from one day to two weeks, while frequent replacement lenses are discarded monthly or quarterly.

Go to Top

 

Divergence

Simultaneous turning out of both eyes to keep sight of an object as it moves farther from the eyes.

Go to Top

 

Double Bifocal Lens

An occupational lens with a bifocal on the bottom and the top of the lens.

Go to Top

 

E

 

Edge Coating

Lens edges can be painted or color-treated to disguise thick edges of lenses or to coordinate with frame color for cosmetic reasons.

Go to Top

 

Edge Polish

Both glass and plastic lens edges can be polished to a high luster resulting in clear and shiny lens edges. This option is often chosen with rimless frames to disguise the edges of the lenses, especially if they are thicker.

Go to Top

 

Endothelium

The cornea's inner layer of cells.

Go to Top

 

Enzymatic Cleaner

Used for contact lenses, a cleaner that removes protein deposits and other debris. It's recommended for use either daily, weekly, or monthly. Some enzymatic cleaners are a small tablet dropped into a solution along with the lens; others come in liquid form.

Go to Top

 

Epithelium

The cornea's outer layer of cells.

Go to Top

 

Esotropia

A misalignment of the eyes where one eye is turned inward with respect to the intended focus point.

Go to Top

 

Exotropia

A misalignment of the eyes where one eye is turned outward with respect to the intended focus point.

Go to Top

 

Executive Lens

Bifocal or trifocal where the near portion(s) of the lens extends across the full width of the lens. Executive lenses offer the advantage of wide field of vision in reading area.

Go to Top

 

Extended Wear Contact Lens

Contact lenses that are worn without removal for up to thirty days.

Go to Top

 

Eye Care Doctor

Optometrists (O.D.s) and ophthalmologists.

Go to Top

 

F

 

Faceted Lens

Polished, beveled edge lens is put in a rimless frame.

Go to Top

 

Farsightedness

Also known as hyperopia. It is the result of an eyeball that focuses light behind the retina. This may be due to the cornea being too flat or the eye being too short. The exact cause is not known, although farsightedness may be inherited.

Go to Top

 

Floaters

Cells and fragments of debris in the eye that pass across your field of vision. The sudden appearance of floaters may be a sign of a retinal tear or retinal detachment.

Go to Top

 

Focal Length

Distance from the optical center of the back surface of the eye to the principal focus of the lens.

Go to Top

 

Focus

The point at which light rays through a lens form an image.

Go to Top

 

Fovea

A specialized portion of the retina that contains only cones (not rods), and that provides acute eyesight.

Go to Top

 

Frequent Replacement Contact Lens

Any contact lens that is thrown away after a moderately short period of time, anywhere from one day to two weeks (disposables) to monthly or quarterly (frequent replacement).

Go to Top

 

Fundus

The interior lining of the eyeball, including the retina, optic disc, and macula. This portion of the inner eye can be seen during an eye exam by looking through the pupil.

Go to Top

 

G

 

Gas Permeable Contact Lens (RGP)

Similar in appearance to a hard contact lens, an RGP is a healthier modality due to the increased ability of the lens material to transmit oxygen to the cornea.

Go to Top

 

Ghost Image

Internal reflections from the lens surfaces often referred to when describing the benefits of an anti-reflective coating. Ghost images are mostly experienced at night, but may also be seen under fluorescent lights and when viewing computer screens.

Go to Top

 

Glass Lens

The most scratch-resistant lens material. Heavier than plastic lenses, glass comes in a wide selection of lens styles and can be ordered with absorptive and photochromic tints.

Go to Top

 

Glaucoma

An eye disease in which the passages that allow fluid in the eye to drain become clogged or blocked, or there is too much fluid produced inside of the eye. Increased pressure inside the eye then damages the optic nerve and causes vision loss.

Go to Top

 

Gonioscopy

Use of a special lens to look at the eye's aqueous drainage area. This can be thought of as looking at the drain of the eye to see if it's plugged up.

Go to Top

 

Gradient Tinting

Usually applied for cosmetic purposes, gradient tinting is darker at the top of the lens than in the middle and lightest at the bottom.

Go to Top

 

Graves' Ophthalmopathy

Thyroid-related, autoimmune eye disorder usually associated with Graves' disease; symptoms include eyelid retraction, bulging eyes, light sensitivity, discomfort, double vision and vision loss.

Go to Top

 

Gross Visual Fields

A brief 5 to10 minute test in which the doctor examines your peripheral (side) vision. The test can be conducted using specialized equipment or simply by having you follow a focal point.

Go to Top

 

H

 

Hard Contact Lens

Compared with soft and gas permeable lenses, hard contact lenses are less healthy to wear long-term, since the material doesn't allow oxygen to reach the surface of the eye.

Go to Top

 

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Abnormally high arterial blood pressure.

Go to Top

 

High Index Lens

A thinner and lighter lens in either glass or plastic, chosen for lightweight comfort and attractiveness.

Go to Top

 

Hyperopia

Also know as farsightedness, the inability to see objects up close. It is the result of an eyeball that is too short or whose outside surface (the cornea) is too flat. The exact cause is not known, although farsightedness may be inherited.

Go to Top

 

Hypertropia

A turning upward of one eye with respect to the other.

Go to Top

 

Hypotropia

A turning downward of one eye with respect to the other.

Go to Top

 

I

 

Implantable Contact Lens (ICL)

A contact lens that is surgically inserted into the anterior chamber and attached to the iris. This may be utilized as an alternative to LASIK or PRK.

Go to Top

 

Intermediate Zone

Refers to the middle zone of sight. Considered to be an arm's length, the top trifocal segment in a multifocal lens corrects vision for this distance.

Go to Top

 

Intraocular Pressure (IOP)

Pressure inside the eye.

Go to Top

 

Interpupillary Distance

Commonly referred to as PD, the distance between your pupils.

Go to Top

 

Intraocular Lens (IOL)

A lens implanted during cataract surgery to replace the removed lens.

Go to Top

 

Iris

The colored ring of tissue suspended behind the cornea and immediately in front of the lens. It regulates the amount of light entering the eye by adjusting the size of the pupil.

Go to Top

 

J

 

Jaeger Test

Measurement of visual acuity at the reading distance.

Go to Top

 

K

 

Keratitis

Inflammation of the cornea. Keratitis may be deep, when the infection causing it is carried in the blood or spreads to the cornea from other parts of the eye, or superficial, caused by bacterial or viral infection or by allergic reaction. Burns of the cornea, such as those produced by chemicals or ultraviolet rays, also give rise to a form of keratitis.

Go to Top

 

Keratoconus

A degenerative corneal disease in which the cornea thins and becomes conical rather than spherical in shape.

Go to Top

 

Keratometry

Assessing the eye's shape to check for astigmatism or other corneal irregularities.

Go to Top

 

L

 

Lacrimal Gland

The small, almond-shaped structure that produces tears. It is located just above the outer corner of the eye.

Go to Top

 

Lateral Rectus Muscle

Muscle that moves the eye away from the nose.

Go to Top

 

Laser In-Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)

A medical procedure in which a doctor uses an excimer laser to reshape the cornea under a flap of corneal tissue.

Go to Top

 

Lazy Eye

Also know as amblyopia, a condition of diminished visual acuity in the absence of any detectable anatomic or physiologic cause.

Go to Top

 

Legal Blindness

In the United States, (1) visual acuity of 20/200 or worse in the better eye with corrective lenses (20/200 means that a person must be at 20 feet from an eye chart to see what a person with normal vision can see at 200 feet), or (2) visual field restricted to 20 degrees diameter or less (tunnel vision) in the better eye.

Go to Top

 

Lens

See crystalline lens.
Go to Top

 

Lenticular Lens

Used primarily for post-cataract lenses, a lenticular lens is one in which the power is in the center of the lens but the edge is a portion of plain glass, so it is easily mounted in a frame. Lenticular lenses are designed to reduce the weight and thickness.

Go to Top

 

Limbus

Circular zone where the cornea joins the sclera.

Go to Top

 

Low Vision

Also called partial sight, low vision is sight that cannot be satisfactorily corrected with glasses, contacts, or surgery. Low vision may be the result of glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetes, or other eye disorder. Special optical devices may be prescribed to help those with low vision accomplish tasks of daily living.

Go to Top

 

M

 

Macula

The small, sensitive area of the central retina, providing vision for fine work and reading.

Go to Top

 

Macular Degeneration

See Age-related Macular Degeneration.

Go to Top

 

Medial Rectus Muscle

Muscle that moves the eye toward the nose.

Go to Top

 

Microcornea

Abnormally small cornea.

Go to Top

 

Microkeratome

A small instrument used to cut the cornea during LASIK.

Go to Top

 

Migraine

Type of headache that usually occurs on one side of the head and which may be accompanied by visual disturbances, such as sparkles and spots before the eyes.

Go to Top

 

Mirrored Lens

Also know as ski type coating. Mirrored coatings protect eyes from glare and from the sun's infrared rays. The lenses come in a variety of colors to enhance your visual performance.

Go to Top

 

Monocular

Pertaining to one eye.

Go to Top

 

Monovision

Usually accomplished with contact lenses, monovision corrects one eye for distance (usually the dominant eye) and the other eye for near vision. This is a common solution for people having presbyopia but not wanting to use reading glasses or wear bifocal lenses.

Go to Top

 

Multifocal Lens

Eyeglass lens incorporating two or more different powers.

Go to Top

 

Myopia

Also known as nearsightedness. It is the inability to see clearly at a distance as a result of an eyeball that is too long or cornea which is too steep. Nearsightedness can be inherited or could be caused by the stress of concentrating for long periods on close work.

Go to Top

 

N

 

Near Point

Denotes distance used in conventional reading, generally considered 16 inches or 40 centimeters.

Go to Top

 

Nearsightedness

Nearsightedness (Myopia) is the inability to see clearly at a distance. It's the result of an eyeball that is too long or whose outside surface (the cornea) is too curved. Nearsightedness can be inherited or caused by the stress of concentrating for long periods on close work.

Go to Top

 

No-Line Lens

Also known as progressive lenses or blended lenses, multifocal (bifocal and trifocal) lenses that have no line separating the distance portion from the near portion of the lens. The power gradually changes from distance correction to intermediate vision (at arm's length), to near vision (at reading distance).

Go to Top

 

Nystagmus

Involuntary rapid and repetitive movement of the eyes.

Go to Top

 

O

 

Occupational Lens

Any lens prescribed primarily for a specific visual task at work, or for participation in a hobby, sport, or other leisure activity. Usually applied to special design multifocals, but any lens can serve as an occupational lens.

Go to Top

 

Ocular

Pertaining to or depending on the eye.

Go to Top

 

Ocular Hypertension

A condition where the intraocular pressure of the eye is above normal. A recent study (the Ocular Hypertensive Treatment Study, or OHTS) indicated that ocular hypertension may be the precursor to glaucoma.

Go to Top

 

OD

Latin abbreviation for right eye; abbreviation for Doctor of Optometry.

Go to Top

 

Ophthalmic

That which pertains to the eye.

Go to Top

 

Ophthalmologist

A doctor of medicine who is both a medical doctor and eye surgeon. The ophthalmologist is licensed to perform surgery, conduct eye exams, treat disease, and prescribe medication, as well as prescribe corrective lenses (glasses or contacts).

Go to Top

 

Ophthalmology

The medical specialty encompassing the anatomy, functions, diseases and treatment of the eye.

Go to Top

 

Ophthalmoscopy

An exam of the retina. The doctor looks through a device with a special magnifying lens that provides a narrow view or a wide view of the retina.

Go to Top

 

Optic Nerve

The bundle of more than a million nerve fibers that carry visual messages from the retina to the brain.

Go to Top

 

Optometrist

A doctor of optometry (OD) who is licensed to examine eyes for the prescription and fitting of corrective lenses (glasses and contact lenses). An optometrist also specializes in the exam, diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and disorders of the visual system, the eye and associated structures, as well as diagnosis of related systemic conditions.

Go to Top

 

Optometry

The profession of examining, diagnosing, managing and treating eye diseases and defects of the visual system and associated structures.

Go to Top

 

Orthokeratology

Also knowns as CRT. Fitting of hard contacts of differing curvature to achieve a temporary change in the shape of the cornea, temporarily correcting a refractive error.

Go to Top

 

Orthoptics

Also call Vision Therapy, the science of correcting defects in binocular vision resulting from defects in optic musculature or faulty visual habits.

Go to Top

 

P

 

Palpebral Fissure

The space between the upper and lower eyelids when the eyes are open.

Go to Top

 

Palpebrum

Eyelid.

Go to Top

 

Pathology

Structural and functional deviations from the normal that consitute disease or characterize a particular disease.

Go to Top

 

Peripheral Vision

Side vision or what an eye can see to the side while looking straight ahead.

Go to Top

 

Photochromic Lens

Photochromic lenses darken automatically when exposed to ultraviolet light, specifically sunlight, and lighten with reduced exposure to sunlight.

Go to Top

 

Photokeratitis

Sunburn of the cornea caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Symptoms of photokeratitis include pain, a sandy gritty sensation, blurred vision, and light sensitivity. When caused by the increased UV exposure from reflections off snow it is called "snow blindness."

Go to Top

 

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

A surgical procedure in which the doctor uses an excimer laser to reshape the cornea without creating a flap (as is done in LASIK) to correct vision problems.

Go to Top

 

Pinguecula

A yellowish, thickened lesion on the conjunctiva.

Go to Top

 

Plano Lens

A term to describe a lens without prescription. The term is most often applied to nonprescription sunglasses or contact lenses that are worn for cosmetic purposes only. Also, used to describe no curvature or flat lens.

Go to Top

 

Plastic Lens

Refers to non-glass lenses, which are impact resistant and lightweight. Plastic lenses are almost half the weight of glass in the same prescription.

Go to Top

 

Polarized Lens

Available in glass and plastic, polarized lenses are sun lenses that protect against reflected glare from water, snow or shiny surfaces. Polarized lenses are considered premium sun lenses. The block UVA, UVB, and UVC radiation.

Go to Top

 

Polycarbonate Lens

More durable than regular plastic, polycarbonate lenses are very lightweight. They also have greater impact resistance than any other lens material, making it the lens of choice for sports eyewear, children or active lifestyles.

Go to Top

 

Posterior Chamber

Filled with aqueous fluid, the space between the back of the iris and the front face of the vitreous.

Go to Top

 

Presbyopia

Usually first noticed around 40 years old, it refers to the reduced accommodative ability of the eye. It happens as the crystalline lens stiffens with age or due to a disease state. The effects of presbyopia are usually overcome with the use of reading glasses or bifocals.

Go to Top

 

Prism

A wedge shaped piece of glass or plastic having a base, apex and apical angle. A prism deviates light towards the base (which makes the image appear to shift towards the apex). Prism may be prescribed to help the eyes work together or to reduce or eliminate double vision due to an eye misalignment.

Go to Top

 

Progressive Lens

While traditional multifocal (bifocal and trifocal) lenses have a line in the middle of the lens, progressive lenses are line-free. The power gradually changes from distance correction to intermediate vision (at arm's length), to near vision (at reading distance).

Go to Top

 

Ptosis

Ptosis is a drooping of the upper eyelid. The lid may droop only slightly, or it may cover the pupil entirely. In some cases, ptosis can restrict and even block normal vision. It can be present in children, as well as adults, and is usually treated with surgery.

Go to Top

 

Pupil

Often compared with the shutter of a camera, the pupil is the black circular hole in the iris that regulates the amount of light entering the eye. The pupil appears black because of the absence of light inside the eye. By using a special instrument called an ophthalmoscope, eye doctors are able to examine the inside of the eye. "Red eye" seen in pictures is due to the camera's flash illuminating the inside of the eye before the pupil can constrict.

Go to Top

 

Pupillary Distance (P.D.)

Also known as interpupillary distance, the distance from the center of one pupil to the center of the other.

Go to Top

 

Pupillary Reflex

Automatic contraction of the pupil when exposed to light and automatic dilation when the light source is removed.

Go to Top

 

Q

 

Quadrifocal Lens

A lens with four different focusing areas, usually a trifocal with an added top bifocal segment. Also used in some occupational lens featuring trifocal in the bottom half of lens and bifocal at the top for seeing close when looking upwards.

Go to Top

 

R

 

Radial Keratometry (RK)

Surgery to change the shape of the cornea to reduce nearsightedness. This is accomplished by making radial incisions in the peripheral cornea.

Go to Top

 

Refraction

The process of determining the power of the eye, or your prescription.

Go to Top

 

Refractive Error

The degree to which the eye's natural focus deviates from properly bringing distant images to focus on the retina. Refractive errors include: myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) and astigmatism. Presbyopia is not considered a refractive error.

Go to Top

 

Refractive Surgery

Surgery that aims to correct a refractive error. As noted above (in refractive error), presbyopia is not a refractive error, and therefore, will not be corrected by refractive surgery. However, monovision may be duplicated during refractive surgery. Types of refractive surgery include: radial keratotomy, PRK, LASIK, LADAR, implantable contact lenses (ICLs), clear lens extraction (CLE), and corneal implants.

Go to Top

 

Retina

The retina is the light-sensitive layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eyeball, sending visual impulses through the optic nerve to the brain.

Go to Top

 

Retinal Detachment

A condition in which the retina separates from the inner wall of the eye.

Go to Top

 

Retinal Pigment Epithelium

The pigment cell layer that nourishes the retinal cells. It is located just outside the retina and attached to the choroid.

Go to Top

 

Retinitis Pigmentosa

The progressive loss of peripheral vision, usually beginning with night blindness.

Go to Top

 

Retinoblastoma

A malignant cancerous tumor of the retina.

Go to Top

 

RGP (Rigid Gas Permeable) Lens

The successor to hard contact lenses, RGP contact lenses are made of breathable plastic that is custom-fit to the shape of the cornea.

Go to Top

 

Rod

A photosensitive receptor in the retina that helps you to see in low light.

Go to Top

 

S

 

Safety Lens

A lens designed to protect the eyes. True safety lenses are made only in safety labs to standards of 3.0mm thickness, mounted in a safety frame and tested by a lab.

Go to Top

 

Sclera

The tough, white, outer layer (coat) of the eyeball. Along with the cornea, it protects the entire eyeball.

Go to Top

 

Scratch-Resistant Coating

Scratch-Resistant Coating is added to increase your lens durability by protecting your lenses from everyday wear and tear.

Go to Top

 

Silicon Coating

A recent development in eyewear, silicon coating is applied over the top of anti-reflection coatings, leaving a smooth water-resistant surface that is easier to clean.

Go to Top

 

Single Vision Lens

Lens with one power, as opposed to bifocals, trifocals, quadrifocals or multifocals.

Go to Top

 

Ski Type Coating

Also know as Mirrored Lens Coating, Ski Type Coatings protect eyes from glare and from the sun's infrared rays. The lenses come in a variety of colors to enhance your visual performance.

Go to Top

 

Slab-Off

Placing two different curvatures on the front surfaces of a pair of lenses to eliminate vertical imbalance at reading distance, enabling your eyes to work together more easily.

Go to Top

 

Soft Contact Lens

Contact lenses made of gel-like plastic containing varying amounts of water.

Go to Top

 

Strabismus

A condition of abnormal alignment of one eye in relation to the other. Esotropia and exotropia are types of strabismus.

Go to Top

 

Stroma

The middle layer of the cornea; it consists of lamellae (collagen) and cells, and makes up most of the cornea. The stroma is the primary portion of the cornea treated during refractive surgery.

Go to Top

 

Sty

A blocked gland at the edge of the eyelid which has become infected by bacteria.

Go to Top

 

Suspensory Ligament

Part of the eye that holds the lens in place. Also called zonules.

Go to Top

 

T

 

Tear Duct

Tiny opening in the eyelid through which tears drain into the nose.

Go to Top

 

Tinting

Most non-glass lenses can be dyed to add color for cosmetic purposes or to reduce light transmission. Glass lenses must be made from colored glass or have color applied by vacuum coating.

Go to Top

 

Titanium Frames

Titanium frames have high tensile strength and are very lightweight. Titanium is also hypoallergenic.

Go to Top

 

Tonometry

A standard test used as part of an eye exam that determines the fluid pressure inside the eye.

Go to Top

 

Toric Lens

Used to correct astigmatism, a lens containing a cylindrical (or out-of-round) surface. A toric surface is ground with two different curves at right angles to each other with the weaker of the two curves located on the cylinder's axis.

Go to Top

 

Traumatic Cataract

Describes a type of cataract caused by injury.

Go to Top

 

Trifocal Lens

A lens having three areas of viewing, each with its own focusing power. Usually, the upper power is used for distance vision, the lower power for close vision such as reading, and the middle area for "arms length" vision.

Go to Top

 

Tumors (of the eye, brain, or near eye)

An abnormal growth of tissue.

Go to Top

 

20/20 Vision

The 20 on the left indicates that the eye chart is 20 feet away. The 20 on the right means that from that distance, you can see what normal eyes see at 20 feet. In other words, you have normal vision. However, if your vision is 20/40, it means you must stand 20 feet away to see what normal eyes see from 40 feet. If your vision is 20/15 you can see from 20 feet what normal eyes see from at 15 feet - much better than normal vision.

Go to Top

 

U

 

Ultraviolet (UV) Protection

Lens treatment applied to absorb the harmful portion of UV light found in sunlight.

Go to Top

 

V

 

VDT

The abbreviation for Video Display Terminal, the monitor portion of a computer.

Go to Top

 

Vision Analysis

An eye exam which can include:
  • Case History - Patient's past history, medications, general health, ocular symptoms, and family history.
  • Visual Acuities - At distance 20' or greater at near 16' or 40' centimeters.
  • External examination.
  • Pupillary Reflexes - checking to see if pupils are round and display equal reaction to light.
  • Versions - checking that the eyes work together in different fields of ease.
  • Cover Test - At distance and near, checks binocularity.
  • Ophthalmoscopy - using an ophthalmoscope to view the retina, optic nerve, head and blood vessels.
  • Retinoscopy - using a retinoscope to determine the patient's refraction by objective means.
  • Refraction - determining the patient's refractive error by subjective means.
  • Binocular - measurements far and near, used to measure the ability of the eyes to work together.


Go to Top

 

Vision Therapy

A set of exercises to correct minor visual problems associated with sensory and/or muscular deficiencies of the visual system. Examples: cross-eyed, wandering eye.

Go to Top

 

Visual Acuity

The ability to distinguish details and shapes of objects at varying distances.

Go to Top

 

Visual Field

Area of vision the eye can see while its attention is directed straight ahead.

Go to Top

 

Visual Fields Test

A five to ten minute test in which the doctor examines your peripheral vision. The test is conducted using specialized equipment or by having you follow a focal point.

Go to Top

 

Vitrectomy

The surgical removal of the vitreous humor, which is the clear, jelly-like substance that fills the center of the eye in front of the retina.

Go to Top

 

Vitreous Body

The transparent, colorless mass of gel that lies behind the lens and in front of the retina.

Go to Top

 

W

 

Wear Schedule

Refers to how long you wear your contact lenses: either daily wear (lenses are removed each night) or extended wear (lenses can be slept in).

Go to Top

 

Z

 

Zonules

The part of the eye that holds the lens in place. See also suspensory ligament.

Go to Top
Home   |   Our Practice   |   Services   |   Articles   |   Special Events   |   Promotions   |   Appointment Scheduling   |   Patient Forms   |   Testimonials   |   Order Contacts   |   Contact Us
     Copyright ©2010 Insight Eye Care. All Rights Reserved.  |  Privacy Policy Site Developed and Designed By Database Whiz Consulting     
re is too much fluid produced inside of the eye. Increased pressure inside the eye then damages the optic nerve and causes vision loss.

Go to Top

 

Gonioscopy

Use of a special lens to look at the eye's aqueous drainage area. This can be thought of as looking at the drain of the eye to see if it's plugged up.

Go to Top

 

Gradient Tinting

Usually applied for cosmetic purposes, gradient tinting is darker at the top of the lens than in the middle and lightest at the bottom.

Go to Top

 

Graves' Ophthalmopathy

Thyroid-related, autoimmune eye disorder usually associated with Graves' disease; symptoms include eyelid retraction, bulging eyes, light sensitivity, discomfort, double vision and vision loss.

Go to Top

 

Gross Visual Fields

A brief 5 to10 minute test in which the doctor examines your peripheral (side) vision. The test can be conducted using specialized equipment or simply by having you follow a focal point.

Go to Top

 

H

 

Hard Contact Lens

Compared with soft and gas permeable lenses, hard contact lenses are less healthy to wear long-term, since the material doesn't allow oxygen to reach the surface of the eye.

Go to Top

 

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Abnormally high arterial blood pressure.

Go to Top

 

High Index Lens

A thinner and lighter lens in either glass or plastic, chosen for lightweight comfort and attractiveness.

Go to Top

 

Hyperopia

Also know as farsightedness, the inability to see objects up close. It is the result of an eyeball that is too short or whose outside surface (the cornea) is too flat. The exact cause is not known, although farsightedness may be inherited.

Go to Top

 

Hypertropia

A turning upward of one eye with respect to the other.

Go to Top

 

Hypotropia

A turning downward of one eye with respect to the other.

Go to Top

 

I

 

Implantable Contact Lens (ICL)

A contact lens that is surgically inserted into the anterior chamber and attached to the iris. This may be utilized as an alternative to LASIK or PRK.

Go to Top

 

Intermediate Zone

Refers to the middle zone of sight. Considered to be an arm's length, the top trifocal segment in a multifocal lens corrects vision for this distance.

Go to Top

 

Intraocular Pressure (IOP)

Pressure inside the eye.